Ali Baba and The Forty Thieves

Introducing the story of Ali Baba and The Forty Thieves by: Antoine Galland.

Some believe that this story was added to the collection of One Thousand and One Nights by the French translator Antoine Galland, But Richard F. Burton claimed that this story was part of the original One Thousand and One Nights(Arabian Nights) series.

who is ali baba?

Alibaba is the name of a fictional character in the story of Alibaba and the forty thieves of Baghdad. This story is part of the book One Thousand and One Nights(Arabian Nights).

Ali Baba and the Forty Robbers is a folk tale included in many versions of One Thousand and One Nights. Antoine Galland, who heard the story from Syrian storyteller Hanna Diyab, added it to the One Thousand and One Nights in the 18th century.

It is one of the most familiar of the “Arabian Nights” tales, and has been widely retold and performed in many media, especially for children, where the more violent aspects of the story are often suppressed. In the story,

about One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights) book:

One Thousand and One Nights is a collection of stories collected over thousands of years by various authors, This collection combines folk tales and legends from India, persia and arabia.

several versions date the collection’s genesis to somewhere between AD 800-900.but No original manuscript has ever been found.

Stories such as :Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, aladdin and the magic lamp and the voyages of Sinbad the Sailor that have become independently famous come from this Book.


Alibaba and his older brother Qasim were the two sons of a merchant. When the merchant died, the elder son got a heritage and a wealthy wife. The younger son Ali Baba got nothing and married to a poor woman. Ali Baba became a woodcutter.

One day he was working in the forest, collecting the firewood. Suddenly he saw forty men in black on the black horses.

 They came to a huge stone and one of them said, ‘Open Sesame’. Something incredible happened: the stone opened an entrance into a cave. Everybody went inside.

Ali Baba did the same thing, after the men in black had left. He said the magic words, ‘Open Sesame’. The stone obeyed him and he entered the cave.

He found many treasures there and decided to take something with him. The thieves learn this and try to kill Ali Baba, but Ali Baba’s faithful slave-girl foils their plots. Ali Baba gives his son to her in marriage and keeps the secret of the treasure.

Ali Baba and The Forty Thieves by: Antoine Galland